There has been much discussion over how we might improve content for mobile phone users. But we read less about the difficulties faced by this audience and how they respond to content. For some content publishers there are now genuine concerns about delivering to this platform at all.
Let’s consider specific information tasks. What device would you choose to access the internet if you want to:
check a shop’s opening time
consider the detailed complexities of starting your own business
carefully research and compare new cars
complete an online passport application
compare insurance policies from several providers
look at photos of a holiday destination
Apart from the first one - your first choice would probably not be a mobile phone. But if you happened to be on a train, or have a few minutes waiting time out of the office you might just use your phone. Even if it’s only to see what’s available.
Google, in a presentation entitled ‘The New Multi-screen world’, has compiled some interesting facts (well worth checking out as there is other useful data in this!). They have fund that about 60% of mobile phone readers will divert to a larger screen to complete their reading task (depending on its nature). The remaining readers will either abandon or read to the end.
From my own experience, I know that there are things that I don’t want to do on a mobile phone:
have a serious lengthy read
carry out complex keyboard entry
do a lot of navigation linking
view side-by-side tabular information
look at detail on quality images
click on links placed close together
click through nine pages to reach your information
be faced with irrelevant graphics and icons
be hindered by loss of signal on a moving train
have to access a pdf or Word document for my information
wait ages for information to download (most people abandon after 6-10secs)
Then you find some websites have serious usability issues for mobile users, such as not being able to resize small text.
comprehension at 50%
It was back in 2011 and Nielsen Norman group identified that comprehension is cut by half for mobile phone readers: http://tinyurl.com/curdnoq For some publishers of important information this fact alone may raise serious doubts about publishing to mobile users at all.
Sales of tablets and phablets are on a steep rise. This being partly caused by people’s frustration of trying to read information on mobile phones. In the ecommerce mobile survey (Monetate Q1 2013 Ecommerce Quarterly) we find that web access by tablet was 10.58% in the first quarter of this year (up from 5.95% in 2012) and smartphone 10.44% (up from 5.42%).
Most tablets display websites perfectly well. And yet companies are investing heavily on responsive and adaptive technologies which only really benefits the mobile phone users - 10% of their readers. And of these, Google suggests that 60% will opt to read the material later on a larger screen.
At the same time, such software will compromise the large screen version through use of non-optimised ‘on the fly’ design that responsive design delivers. There is no chance to preview and fine tune content for the different platforms - such as headlines that run to three lines, conflicting adjacent graphics, content that gets lost ‘below the fold’ and so on.
phones only 33% as effective The Monetate survey goes on to say that sales conversion rates on a smartphone are one third of those of traditional or tablet devices. This is especially true of the luxury products where pictures and lengthy copy are important in the persuasion process.
The same might apply to charities. Also for local government that needs to engage parents to consider child foster care, become school governors, etc. The same applies on intranets when you are trying to engage and motivate staff.
Could it also reflect the effectiveness of non-advertising content? Almost certainly it does.
So we know that people abandon reading lengthy text and switch to another device. We know that they only take in 50% of what they read. We know that some content cannot be displayed on a mobile screen and users only respond a third as effectively as those on a larger screen device.
It could be argued that we need to positively discourage access by mobile phone.
Where content is brief, maybe an opening time or an address then access by a mobile phone is a real boon and the issues above shouldn’t prove problematic. It’s only where content is lengthier or needs a keyed response from the user that mobile access becomes an issue.
responsive and adaptive So is it worth investing in responsive or adaptive technologies to benefit less than 5% of your total web audience who want to read right through a longer article on a mobile phone? The ROI doesn’t make sense.
I have found no evidence that the clearer text presentation that these technologies bring makes any significant difference. It seems that screen size and the other inherent weaknesses of mobile phones are at the root of the problem.
age consideration We need to consider the age of our audiences. In a US survey by Gallop, ownership of smartphones in the 18 - 29 age group was found to be 88%, but over 65 they found that this fell to 25%. So adapting material for reading on a smartphone for an older audience may simply be unnecessary.
conclusion In my view we should design web material for the reader of larger screens and put consideration for the mobile phone user further down the pecking order. A better investment in resources may well be to improve the quality and readability of the web content itself.
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Some random jottings on writing content for intranets, websites, email newsletters and social media by Malcolm Davison of www.writingfortheweb.co.uk. Select the RSS feed to receive the latest (usually weekly) postings.